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Red Blood Cell Acetylcholinesterase as a Biomarker

In medicine, finding an organism that is indicative of a disease or infection is a crucial part of science. This is the biomarker, the measurable substance that allows for these mysteries to come to light. Acetylcholinesterase as a Biomarker Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is a type of enzyme that is commonly...
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Analyzing Oxidative Stress in Cell Systems

Oxidative Stress When levels of reactive oxygen species increase to dangerous amounts, it is known as oxidative stress. Further, this may be from environmental stress occurring outside of the body, like UV or heat exposure. When the body is in this state of stress, important cell structures can be...
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Metabolic Assays for Discovering Diseases

Metabolism comprises a group of life-sustaining interactions happening at all times in the body. Moreover, this process contains two separate categories: catabolism – processes that break down, and anabolism – processes that build up. Each process, while entirely necessary throughout the body, can become problematic when overactive or underactive. Therefore,...
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Detecting Apoptosis with Caspase Assays

Apoptosis – cell death – is an incredibly common and important part of the cell life cycle. In fact, for an average human, approximately 25 billion cells undergo this process in the body every day. However, cell death may happen for unnatural reasons as well. Overactive apoptosis sometimes occurs...
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