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Fluoro ADP

Fluoro ADP
Fluoro ADP
Fluorescent ADP Detection Kit - Detection of ADP in tissue extracts/cell samples

$345.00$1,595.00

in stock
Product code: FLADP100
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Product Description

Introduction

Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) is an organic molecule which plays a central  role in cellular metabolism and energy transfer reactions. ADP is a product of ATP de-phosphorylation and can be rephosphorylated to ATP or further de-phosphorylation to AMP. This cycling of ADP is central to transferring potential (thermodynamic) energy from one source to another. Besides its involvement in glycolysis, citric acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation, ADP is also stored as dense bodies in blood platelets. Upon platelet activation, ADP is release which leads to further platelet activation through APD receptors (1-8).

Cell Technology’s Fluoro ADP assay provides a reliable, sensitive fluorimetric assay for the quantification of ADP in  biological samples.

Key Benefits

  • Detection of ADP in cells or tissue extracts.
  • Detection of ADP in cell death, energy metabolism, mitochondria function.
  • ADP measurement in ATP consuming enzymes such as Kinases and ATPases.
  • ADP detection in Bacterial, Fungal and Plant Cells.
  • Fluorescent 96 well Plate Reader Readout (excitation: 530-570nm and emission at 590-600nm).

Assay Principle

The Fluoro ADP detection kit utilizes a non-fluorescent detection reagent, which is reduced in the presence ADP and a coupled enzyme reaction to produce its fluorescent analog. There is a linear relationship of ADP concentration to the fluorescent analog concentration. An ADP standard curve is generated to interpolate sample ADP concentrations. The kit can be used in both endpoint and kenitic modes.

Reaction:

1. ADP + Enzyme Coupled Reaction + Non-Fluorescent Detection Reagent    Fluorescent Analog + AMP

Detection: Excitation: 530-570nm and Emission at 590-600nm

 

2. 50µL of sample or ADP Standard

             +

50µL of Enzyme Reaction Cocktail

             ↓  

Incubate 30 – 60 minutes; RT; DARK

Read on Plate Reader: Excitation: 530-570nm

                                       Emission at 590-600nm

 

Figure 1. ADP vs ATP Standard Curve fitted with linear regression.

ADP mM Spike

% Recovery

50

93.08

12.5

92.04

1

118.48

Table 1. ADP was spiked into Jurkat cell samples. % Recovery was determined via linear regression from ADP standard curve. N=3 per sample.

References

  • Cox, Michael; Nelson, David R.; Lehninger, Albert L (2008). Lehninger principles of biochemistry. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman. ISBN 0-7167-7108-X
  • Jensen TE, Richter EA (March 2012). "Regulation of glucose and glycogen metabolism during and after exercise". J. Physiol. 590 (Pt 5): 1069–76. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2011.224972. PMC 3381815  PMID 22199166
  • Liapounova NA, Hampl V, Gordon PM, Sensen CW, Gedamu L, Dacks JB (December 2006). "Reconstructing the mosaic glycolytic pathway of the anaerobic eukaryote Monocercomonoides". Eukaryotic Cell. 5 (12): 2138–46. doi:10.1128/EC.00258-06. PMC 1694820 PMID 17071828
  • Medh, J.D. "Glycolysis" (PDF). CSUN.Edu. Retrieved 3 April 2013
  • Bailey, Regina. "10 Steps of Glycolysis"
  • "Citric Acid Cycle" (PDF). Takusagawa’s Note. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2013
  • "Biochemistry" (PDF). UCCS.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-02-28
  • Murugappa S, Kunapuli SP (2006). "The role of ADP receptors in platelet function". Front. Biosci. 11: 1977–86. doi:10.2741/1939. PMID 16368572

Kit contents and Long Term storage

ReagentPart#Temperature
Enzyme Mix 25X6031-20°C
Substrate Buffer3064-20°C
Detection Reagent 100X4028-20°C
ADP Standard 2.5 mM7025-20°C
NEM7026-20°C
x